Nasal Infection Description
A nasal infection often starts as an inflammation of nasal passages. However, unless a nasal infection is immediately treated successfully, a nasal infection wo;; often progress to involve even the paranasal sinuses. This condition involving the nasal infection of both the nasal areas and a nasal infection of the paranasal sinuses is called as rhinosinusitis. Depending on its onset, this type of nasal infection may be classified as acute or chronic. An acute nasal infection can occur suddenly, while a chronic nasal infection is long-term or recurring. Either type of nasal infection must be treated by a health care provider
Signs and Symptoms of Nasal Infection
One of the most common symptoms of a nasal infection is a headache with pressure, which is usually felt above the nose and between the eyes. Other typical symptoms of a nasal infection include facial tenderness. It is also not unusual for a nasal infection to be accompanied by nasal congestion, fever and even cough. Moreover, a nasal infection often results to post-nasal drip and sore throat. Patients with a severe nasal infection often complain of a persistent feeling of fatigue, probably because sleeping becomes more difficult because congestion is more apparent when patient resumes a lying position.
Causes of Nasal Infection
There are several causes for a nasal infection, but viral infections caused by various strains of rhinoviruses top the list of all nasal infection. These viral infections often damage the lining of the sinuses, which in turn sets off an inflammatory reaction. Once the lining becomes inflamed, the nasal passage becomes blocked and bacteria begin to build up in the sinus cavity which in turn results in a nasal infection. Other possible causes of a nasal infection is allergic reactions from pollutants in the air or surroundings. The allergic reaction makes the linings of the nose swell, blocking the openings to the sinus cavities. Because the normal drainage of mucus is compromised, bacteria are trapped within the sinus and nasal cavities and given the opportunity to multiply and proliferate and again, the result is a nasal infection.
Treatment for Nasal Infection
Treatment for a nasal infection or rhinosinusitis involves restoring the drainage of mucus from the sinuses into the nasal passages. This can be done by treating the inflammation and making the mucus secretion less thick so that it is easier to drain. Many over-the-counter nasal sprays and decongestants can accomplish this, although oral or intranasal steroids may sometimes be prescribed by the doctor if the congestion is especially severe. Antibiotics are also necessary to halt the multiplication of bacteria so that this type of infection doesn’t continue to spread.
The treatment plan for nasal infection can also be done through medicated irrigation or nebulized therapy. The advantage of these two techniques for a nasal infection over oral administration of medication is that nebulization and irrigation are topical medication techniques. Topical means the medications are applied directly or locally where they are intended to act. In this case with a nasal infection, the medicated solution is directly irrigated to the swollen passages of the nasal and sinus cavities. On the other hand, for nebulisation, liquid medication is aerosolized into a fine mist which then can be inhaled and directly absorbed into the nasal mucosa. Sinus Dynamics, a compounding pharmacy, manufactures its complete line of medication for sinusitis, rhinitis and rhinosinusitis ready for use with its irrigators and nebulizers like ActiveSinus and SinusAero.
With all these treatment discussed and several others you can easily know and read about, remember that self-medicating and subjecting yourself to aggressive, unapproved alternative treatments is unwise and could be dangerous in the case of a severe nasal infection . It is always best to explore treatment options for your nasal infection and sinuses with your trusted physician.